You’re likely to have periodontal disease during your lifetime. It can develop at any age. In fact, more than one in three people older than 30 have a form of periodontal disease that has advanced beyond gingivitis.
Symptoms of periodontal disease include gums that bleed easily, such as during brushing or flossing; red, swollen or tender gums or pus; gums that have pulled away from the teeth; persistent bad breath; loose or separating teeth; and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
Periodontal disease is a serious condition that should be ignored. Recent research indicates a relationship between periodontal infection and more severe health problems such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, respiratory disease, osteoporosis and preterm low birth weight babies. Good periodontal health is a key component of a healthy body.
A periodontist is a specialist in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the teeth. Periodontists also perform gum grafts and cosmetic gummy-smile corrections as well as placement and maintenance of dental implants. Periodontics is a dental speciality requiring 2 to 3 years of dental school post graduate training.